Worldwide safety for plant and machinery.
Laws and standards in Japan
Japanese Industrial Safety & Health law states that dangerous machines or machines that will be used in dangerous surroundings need to be equipped with appropriate protective measures stipulated by the national ministry. This affects for example rubber milling machines, press machines, overload prevention devices for cranes, saw machines in wood processing or electrical parts in explosive atmospheres. For some machinery, approval is required from the national ministry before manufacturing or usage. Boilers, cranes, pressure vessels or elevators fall into this category.
Requirements concerning Industrial Health & Safety
The Ordinance on Industrial Health and Safety requires as a best effort that machine suppliers provide information on risks regarding the use of the machine and that every employer/machine user carries out a risk assessment.
Measures for Industrial Safety and risk assesment
JISHA the Japanese Industrial Safety & Health Association mainly supports the introduction of risk assessments and establishment of occupational safety and health management systems (OSHMS) in Japan. Due to Japanese legislation every employer/ machine user must ensure that measures for Industrial Health and Safety are put in place. Employees are obligated to support any such activities carried out by their employer.
The methodology of risk assessment is stated in JIS (Japanese Industrial Standards) which are harmonized with international standards. Though risk assessment is mandatory when certain chemical material is used, it is currently not required in other industries.