The Machinery Directive describes standardised health and safety requirements for interaction between man and machine. The Machinery Directive 2006/42/EC has applied since 29.12.2009. Irrespective of the place and date of manufacture, all machinery used in the European Economic Area for the first time from 01.01.1995 is subject to the EU Machinery Directive and as such must be CE certified.
Machinery for the purposes of the Machinery Directive
For the purposes of the Directive, machinery means an assembly consisting of linked parts or components, at least one of which moves, and which are joined together for a specific application (see Article 2 of the Machinery Directive).
The following are also considered as machinery for the purposes of the Machinery Directive:
- An assembly of machines or complex plants (complex plants include production lines and special purpose machinery made up of several machines)
- Safety components (The issue of which components to classify as safety components is very controversial. As yet there is no discernible, uniform trend.)
- Interchangeable equipment that can modify the basic functions of a machine.
Machinery with other legal provisions
In addition to the machinery listed above there is also a list of exceptions for machinery which would fall under the scope of the Directive by definition, but for which other statutory provisions generally apply.